Silva Balcanica 22(1): 5-15, doi: 10.3897/silvabalcanica.22.e56860
First records of a potentially new plant community from the ruderal vegetation in the Black Sea Coast, Bulgaria
expand article infoPlamen Glogov, Mira L. Georgievа
‡ Forest Research Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Open Access
The paper presents the first data of an unreported plant community dominated by Hordeum leporinum Link and Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (class Stellarietea mediae R. Tx., Lohmeyer et Preising in R.Tx. 1950). It is currently established in four localities in the region of the Black Sea coast, between the town of Ravda and the town of Nessebar, Bulgaria. Among the characteristic features of the community are: (i) it occupies places with an active human presence near the beach; (ii) preferences for shallow san-dy or rocky soils; (iii) Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. as a dominant, diagnostic and constant species for the community. Other diagnostic species for the association are Anchusa officinalis L., Malva sylves-tris L., Sonchus arvensis L. and Avena fatua L. (iv) annual and perennial species have an equal participa-tion in the community; (v) increased presence of diagnostic species for the class Artemisietea vulgaris Lohmeyer et al. ex von Rochow 1951. Phytogeographically, the species composition of the community has a strong Mediterranean influence. In close proximity to its reléves there are always communities of xerophytic shrubs or low trees (in many cases alien species, such as Amorpha fruticosa L., Ziziphus jujuba Mill. and Robinia pseudoacacia L.) that participate in the association without forming a full second layer (their cover abundance is less than 30%).
vegetation, ruderal, weed, syntaxonomic, biodiversity, Arabian pea, mouse barley