Silva Balcanica 22(1): 77-87, doi: 10.3897/silvabalcanica.22.e58750
Review of studies on motor-manual felling productivity in eucalypt stands
expand article infoMohammad Reza Ghaffariyan
‡ University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia
Open Access
Abstract

Globally, about 20 million ha of land area is occupied by plantations of Eucalyptus. Motor-manual tree harvest-ing techniques (using chainsaws) are still applied in eucalypt plantations, especially in difficult terrains or for large- sized trees where mechanised felling may not be an effective and safe possible option to apply. There is little information available on motor-manual felling in eucalypt stands. This article reviewed available literature on the productivity of motor-manual felling. The results were classified into four regions, including Africa, Asia/Oceania, America and Europe. Results of international studies indicate that the main factors impacting the productivity of motor-manual felling include diameter at the breast height (DBH), travelling distance to trees, understory density and terrain slope. Operator experience also plays a key role in felling operations. The range of reported productivity varied from 0.6 m3/PMH0 to 48.9 m3/PMH0 in different regions. This article provides key recommendations on improving motor-manual felling productivity, which can provide a guide for sustainable harvesting planning purposes. 

Keywords
Motor-manual felling, Productivity, Time study, Work cycle, Tree volume, Eucalypt